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2017年高考英语全国乙卷试题及答案word版

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英语 2017年高三2017年全国乙卷英语

英语

考试时间:____分钟

题型简答题书面表达总分

得分

简答题(综合题) (本大题共8小题,每小题____分,共____分。)

Pacific Science Center Guide

◆Visit Pacific ScienceCenter’s Store

Don’tforget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick upa wonderful science activity or remember your visit. The store is located(位于) upstairs in Building 3right next to the Laster Dome.

◆Hungry

Our exhibits will feed your mind but whatabout your body? Our café offers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, inaddition to seasonals. The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and is opendaily until one hour Pacific Science Center closes.

◆Rental Information

Lockersare available to store any belongs during your visit. The lockers are locatedin Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs andwheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Wayentrance. ID required.

◆Support PacificScience Center

Since 1962Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion(热情) for discovery andlifelong @ in science, math and technology. Today Pacific Science Center servesmore than 1.3 million people a year and beings inquiry based science educationto classrooms and company events all over Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and onewe connect science without generous support from individuals, corporations, andother social organizations. Wish pacificorganzier.org to find various ways youcan support Pacific Science Center.

21.Where are you buy a at Scicnce Center?

A.In Building 1.

B. In Building 3.

C.At the last Denny.

D.At the Denny Way entrance.

22.What does Pucific Scicnce Center do forschools?

A.Traitn Scicnce teachers.

B.Disncie scicnce books.

C. Disncie scicnctific research.

D.Take scicnce to the classroom.

23.What is the peapose of the last part ofthe text?

A.To coccerage dcetions.

B.To advertise coming events.

C.To introbace spocial exhibits.

D.To tell about the Center’s history

I work withVolunteers for Wildlife, a rescue and education organization at BaileyArboretum in Locust Valley. Trying to help injured, displaced or sick creaturescan be heartbreaking; survival is never certain. However, when it works, it issimply beautiful.

I got a rescue call from a woman inMuttontown. She had found a young owl(猫头鹰) on the ground. When I arrived, I saw a 2-to 3-week-old owl. It hadalready zxxk.been placed in a carrier for safety.

I examined the chick(雏鸟) and it seemed fine. If I couldlocate the nest, I might have been able to put it back, but no luck. My nextwork was to construct a nest and anchor it in a tree.

The homeowner was very helpful. A wirebasket was found. I put some pine branches into the basket to make this nestsafe and comfortable. I placed the chick in the nest, and it quickly calmeddown.

Now all that was needed were the parents,but they were absent. I gave the homeowner a recording of the hunger screams ofowl chicks. These advertise the presence of chicks to adults; they might alsoencourage our chick to start calling as well. I gave the owner as muchinformation as possible and headed home to see what news the night might bring.

A nervous night to be sure,but sometimesthe spirits of nature smile on us all! The homeowner called to say that theparents had responded to the recordings. I drove over and saw the chick in thenest looking healthy and active. And it was accompanied in the nest by thegreatest sight of all — LUNCH!The parents had done their duty and would probably continue to doso.

24.What is unavoidable in the author’s rescue work according ro paragraph 1?

A.Efforts made in vain.

B.Getting injured in his work.

C.Feeling uncertain about his future.

D.Creatures forced out of their homes.

25.Why was the author called to Muttontown?

A.To rescue a woman.

B.To take care of a woman.

C.To look at a baby owl.

D.To cure a young owl.

26.What made the chick calm down?

A.A new nest.

B.Some food.

C.A recording.

D.Its parents.

27.How would the author feel about the outcome of the event?

A.It’s unexpected.

B. It’s beautiful.

C. It’s humorous.

D. It’s discouraging.

C

Some of the world’s most famous musiciansrecently gathered in Paris and New Orleans to celebrate the first annualInternational Jazz Day. UNESCO( United Nations Educational, Scientific andCultural Organization) recently set April 30 as a day to raise awareness ofjazz music, its significance, and its potential as a unifying(联合) voice across cultures.

Despite the celebrations, though, in theU.S. the jazz audience continues to shrink and grow older, and the music hasfailed to connect with younger generations.

It’s Jason Moran’s job to help change that.As the Kennedy Center’s artistic adviser for jazz, Moran hopes to widen theaudience for jazz, make the music more accessible, and preserve its history andculture.

“Jazz seems like it’s not really a part of the American appetite,”Moran tells National Public Radio’s reporter Neal Conan. “What I’m hoping toaccomplish is that mu generation and younger start to reconsider and understandthat jazz is not black and write anymore. It’s actually color, and it’s actuallydigital.”

Moran says one of the problems with jazz today is that theentertainment aspect of the music has been lost. “The music can’t be presentedtoday the way it was in 1908 or 1958. It has to continue to move, because theway the world works is not the same,” says Moran.

Last year, Moran worked on a project that arranged Fats Waller’smusic for a dance party, “Just to kind of put it back in the mind that Walleris dance music as much as it is concert music,” says Moran. “For me, it’s therecontextualization. In music, where does the emotion(情感) lie? Are we, as abstract as aCharlie Parker record gets us into a dialogue about our emotions and ourthoughts? Sometimes we lose sight that the music has a wider context,” saysMoran, “So I want to continue those dialogue. Those are the things I want tofoster.”

28.Why did UNESCO set April 30 asInternational Jazz Day?

A.To rememberthe birth of jazz.

B.To protectcultural diversity.

C.To encouragepeople to study music.

D.To recognizethe value of jazz.

29.What does the underlined word“that” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

A.Jazz becomingmore accessible.

B.Theproduction of jazz growing faster.

C.Jazz beingless popular with the young.

D.The jazzaudience becoming larger.

30.What can we infer about Moran’s opinionon jazz?

A.It willdisappear gradually.

B.It remainsblack and white.

C.It shouldkeep up with the times.

D.It changesevery 50 years.

31.Which of the following can be thebest title for the text?

A.Exploring theFuture of jazz.

B.The Rise andFall of jazz.

C.The Story ofa jazz Musician.

D.Celebratingthe Jazz Day.

A buld-it-yourself solar still(蒸馏器) is one of the best ways toobtain drinking water in areas where the liquid is not readily available.Developed by two doctors in the U.S. Department of Agriculture, it’s anexcellent water collector. Unfortunately, you must carry the necessaryequipment with you, since it’s all but impossible to find natural substitutes.The only components required, though, are a sheet of clear orslightly milky plastic, six feet of plastic tube, and a container— perhaps justa drinking cup — to catch the water. These pieces can be folded into a neatlittle pack and fastened on your belt.

To construct a working still, use a sharpstick or rock to dig a hole four feet across and three feet deep. Try to makethe hole in a damp area to increase the water catcher’s productivity. Place your cup in the deepestpart of the hole. Then lay the tube in place so that one end rests all the wayin the cup and the rest of the line runs up — and out — the side of the hole.

Next, cover the hole with the plastic sheet,securing the edges of the plastic with dirt and weighting the sheet’s centerdown with a rock. The plastic should now form a cone(圆锥体) with 45-degree-angled sides.The low point of the sheet must be centered directly over, and no more thanthree inches above, the cup.

The solar still works by creating agreenhouse under the plastic. Ground water evaporates (蒸发) and collects on the sheet untilsmall drops of water form, run down the material and fall off into the cup.When the container is full, you can suck the refreshment out through the tube,and won’t have to break down the still every time you need a drink.

32.What do we knowabout the solar still equipment from the first paragraph?

A.It’sdelicate. B.It’sexpensive.

C.It’scomplex. D.It’s portable

33.What does theunderlined phrase “the water catcher” in paragraph 2 refer to?

A.The tube B.The still

C.The hole D.The cup

34.What’s the laststep of constructing a working solar still?

A.Dig a hole of acertain size

B.Putthe cup in place

C.Weight thesheet’s center down

D.Cover the hole with the plastic sheet

35.When a solarstill works, drops of water come into the cup form .

A.the plastictube B.outside thehole

C.the openair D.beneaththe sheet

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

If anyone had told me three years ago that Iwould be spending most of my weekends camping. I would have laughed heartily.Campers, in my eyes, were people who enjoyed insects bites, ill-cooked meals,and uncomfortable sleeping bags. They had nothing in common with me.

____The friends who introduced me to campingthought that it meant to be a pioneer.

____We sleep in a tent, cooked over an open fire, and walked along distance to take the shower and use the bathroom. This brief visit withMother Nature cost me two days off from work, recovering from a bad case of sunburn and the doctor`s bill for myson`s food poisoning.

I was, nevertheless, talked into going onanother fun-filled holiday in the wilderness.

____Instead, we had a pop-upcamper with comfortable beds and an air conditioner. My nature-loving friendshad remembered to bring all the necessities of life.

____We have done a lot of it since. Recently, webought a twenty-eight-foot travel trailer complete with a bathroom and abuilt-in TV set. There is a separate bedroom, a modern kitchen with arefrigerator. The trailer even has matching carpet and curtains.

____It must be true that sooner or later, everyonefinds his or her way back to nature. I recommend that you find your way instyle.

A.This time there was no tent.

B.Things are going to be improved.

C.The trip they took me on was a rough one.

D.I was to learn a lot about camping since then, however.

E.I must say that I have certainly come to enjoy camping.

F. After the trip, my family became quiteinterested in camping.

G. There was no shade as the trees were nomore than 3 feet tall.

While high schooldoes not generally encourage students to explore new aspects of life,collegesets the stage for that exploration. I myself went through this ____processand found something that has changed my ____ at college for thebetter:I discovered ASL-American Sign Language(美式手语).

I never felt anurge to____any sign language before.My entire familyis hearing,and so are all my friends.The ____language were enough inall my interactions(交往).Little did I know that I would discover my ____ forASL.

The ____ began during my first week at college. Iwatched as the ASL Club ____ their translation of a song. Both the handmovements and the very ____ of communicating without speaking____me.What I saw was completely unlike anything I had experienced in the ____ .Thisnewness just left me ____more.

After that, feeling the need to ____ further, I decided to drop in on one of ASLclub`s meetings. I only learned how to ____ the alphabet that day. Yet instead of beingdiscouraged by my ____ progress,I was excited. I then made it a pointto ____ those meetings and learn all I could.

The following term, I ____ an ASL class. The professor was deaf and anytalking was ____ . I soon realized that the silence wasnot unpleasant. ____ , if there had been any talking, itwould have ____ usto learn less. Now, I appreciate the silence and the ____way of communication it opens.

41. A.searching B. planning C.natural D. formal

42. A. progress B. experience C.major D. opinion

43. A. choose B. read C. learn D. create

44. A. official B. foreign C. body D. spoken

45. A. love B. concern C. goal D. request

46. A. meeting B. trip C. story D. task

47. A. recorded B. performed C. recited D. discussed

48. A. idea B. amount C. dream D.reason

49. A. disturbed B. supported C. embarrassed D. attracted

50. A. end B. past C. course D. distance

51. A. showing B. acting C. saying D. wanting

52. A. exercise B. explore C. express D. explain

53. A. print B. write C. sign D. count

54. A. slow B. steady C. normal D. obvious

55. A. chair B. sponsor C. attend D. organize

56. A. missed B. passed C. gave up D. registered for

57. A. prohibited B. welcomed C. ignored D. repeated

58.A.Lastly B.Thus C.Instead D.However

59.A.required B.caused C.allowed D.expected

60.A.easy B.popular C.quick D.new

There has been a recent trend in the food service industry towardlower fat content and less salt. This trend, which was started by the medicalcommunity(医学界) ____ a method of fighting heart disease, has hadsome unintended side____(effect) such as overweight and heartdisease—the very thing the medical community was trying to fight.

Fat and salt are very important parts of adiet. They are required ____(process) the food that we eat, torecover from injury and for several other bodily functions. When fat and salt ____ (remove) from food, the food tastes as if is missing something. As ____ result, people will eat more food to try tomake up for that something missing. Even ____ (bad), the amount of fast food that people eat goesup. Fast food ____ (be) full of fat and salt; by ____ (eat) more fast food people will get more saltand fat than they need in their diet.

Having enough fat and salt in your meals willreduce the urge to snack(吃点心) between meals and will improve the taste of your food. However, be ____ (care) not to go to extremes. Like anything,it is possible to have too much of both, ____ is not good for the health.

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:

1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

In the summer holiday following my eighteen birthday,I took driving lessons. I still remember how hard first day was. Before gettinginto the car, I thought I had learned the instructor’s orders, so once Istarted the car, my mind goes blank, I forgot what he had said to mealtogether. The instructor kept repeating the word, “Speed up!” “Slow down!”“Turning left!” I was so much nervous that I could hardly tell which directionwas left. A few minutes late, the instructor asked me to stop the car. It was arelief and I came to a suddenly stop just in the middle on the road.

书面表达 (本大题共____分。)

假定你是李华,正在教你的英国朋友Leslie学习汉语。请你写封邮件告知下次上课的计划。内容包括:

(1)时间和地点;

(2)内容:学习唐诗;

(3)课前准备:简要了解唐朝的历史。

注意:

1.词数100左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

答案

简答题

BDA

ACAB

DCCA

DBCD

DCAFE

41-45 ABCDA

46-50 CBADB

51-55 DBCAC

56-60 DACBD

书面表达

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