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2017年高考英语北京卷试题及答案word版

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绝密★启用前

2017年普通高等学校全国招生统一考试(北京卷)

英语

本试卷共16页,共150分。考试时长120分钟。考生务必将答案答在答题卡上,在试卷上作答无效。考试结束后,将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。

第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

第一节 (共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

例:What is the man going to read?

A.A newspaper. B.A magazine. C.A book.

答案是A

1.When will the film start?

A.At 5:00. B.At 6:00. C.At 7:00.

2.Which club will the man join?

A.The film club. B.The travel club. C.The sports club.

3.What was the weather like in the mountains yesterday?

A.Sunny. B.Windy. C.Snowy.

4.What does the man want to cut out of paper?

A.A fish. B.A bird. C.A monkey.

5.Where does the conversation most probably take place?

A.In a library. B.At a bookstore. C.In a museum.

第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

听第6短材料,回答第6至7题。

6.Why does the woman make the call?

A.To make an invitation.

B.To ask for information.

C.To discuss a holiday plan .

7.How much does the woman need to pay for the minibus?

A.$50. B.$150. C.$350.

听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。

8.What are the two sperkers mainly talking about?

A.Electronic waste. B.Soil pollution. C.Recyling benefits.

9.What does the woman decide to do with her cell hpone in the end?

A.Throw it away. B.Keep it at home. C.Sell it to be recycled.

听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

10.What is the possible relationship between the sperkers?

A.Friends. B.Wife and husband. C.Business partners.

11.Where does the woman work now?

A.In a school. B.In a restaurant. C.In a travel agency.

12.What are the two sperkers going to do?

A.To take a trip. B.To have a coffee. C.To attend a meeting.

听第9段材料,回答第13至15题。

13.What has been improved according to the speaker?

A.The train station. B.The bus service. C.The parking lot.

14.How does the speaker get to her office today?

A.By bus and on foot. B.By train and by bus. C.By train and on foot.

15.Who is the speaker?

A.A reporter.

B.A policeman.

C.A photographer.

第三节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,共7.5分)

听下面一段对话,完成16至20五道小题,每小题仅填一个词。听对话前,你将有20秒钟的时间阅读试题,听完后你将有60秒钟的作答时间。这段对话你将听两遍。

Pick-up Appointment Form

Item(物品)A 16 and some magazines

DestinationOverseas to 17

DeliveryAir regular

Time to pick up5:00 afternoon

PackingA medium box

Customer’s informationMr.Hudson 19

89Street,Chicago, 20

Tel:4159786

第二部分:知识运用(共两节,45 分)

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,共 15 分)

从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

21. Samuel, the tallest boy in our class, ______ easily reach the books on the top shelf.

A. must B. should C. can D. need

【答案】C

考查情态动词。Samuel,我班最高的男生,能很轻松地够着书架顶上的书,表示能力,用can。

22. —Peter, please send us postcards ______ we’ll know where you have visited.

—No problem.

A. but B. or C. for D. so

【答案】D

考查连词。Peter,请给我们寄明信片,因此我们就会知道你们去哪游览过。前后因果关系,用so。

23. Every year, ______ makes the most beautiful kite will win a prize in the Kite Festival.

A. whatever B. whoever C. whomever D. whichever

【答案】B

考查时态。每年,任何一个做出最漂亮的风筝的人将会在风筝节获奖。主语从句,根据意思可知答案。

24. —______ that company to see how they think of our product yesterday?

—Yes. They are happy with it.

A. Did you call B. Have you called C. Will you call D. Were you calling

【答案】A

考查时态。你昨天有没有给那家公司打电话问问他们对我们的产品感觉怎么样?发生在过去,用过去式,故选A。

25. ______ birds use their feathers for flight, some of their feathers are for other purposes.

A. Once B. If C. Although D. Because

【答案】C

考查连词。尽管鸟儿们用羽毛来飞翔,但是他们的一些羽毛还有其他用途,前后之间是让步关系,故选C。

26. Jane moved aimlessly down the tree-lined street, not knowing ______she was heading.

A. why B. where C. how D. when

.....

【答案】67 A 68 B 69 D 70 C

【解析】

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

Every animal sleeps,but the reason for this has remained foggy.When lab rats are not allowed to sleep,they die within a month. 71

One idea is that sleep helps us strengthen new memories. 72 We know that,while awake,fresh memories are recorded by reinforeing (加强)connections between brain cells,but the memory processes that take place while we sleep have been unclear.

Support is growing for a theory that sleep evolved so that connections between neurons(神经元)in the brain can be weakened overnight,making room for fresh memories to from the next day. 73

Now we have the most direct evidence yet that he is right. 74 The synapses in the mice taken at the end of a period of sleep were 18 per cent smaller than those taken before sleep,showing that the connections between neurons weaken while sleeping.

If Tononi`s theory is right,it would explain why,when we miss a night`s,we find it harder the next day to concentrate and learn new information-our brains may have smaller room for new experences.

Their research also suggests how we may build lasting memories over time even though the synapscs become thinner.The team discovered that some synapses seem to be protected and stayed the same size. 75 “You keep what matters,”Tononi says.

A. We should also try to sleep well the night before.

B. Ti’s as if the brain is preserving its most important memories.

C. Similarly, when people go for a few days without sleeping, they get sick.

D. The processes take place to stop our brains becoming loaded with memories.

E. That’s why students do better in tests if they get a chance to sleep after learning.

F. “Sleep is the price we pay for learning,” says Giulio Tononi, who developed the idea.

G. Tononi’s team measured the size of these connections, or synapses, in the brains of 12 mice.

【答案】71C 72E 73F 74G 75B

【解析】

第四部分:书面表达(共两节,35 分)

第一节 (15分)

你的英国朋友Jim所在的学校要组织学生来中国旅行,有两条线路可以选择:“长江之行”或者“泰山之旅”。Jim来信希望你能给些建议。请你给他回信,内容包括:

1.你建议的线路;

2.你的理由;

3.你的祝愿。

注意:1.词数不少于50;

2.开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。

Dear Jim,

Yours,

Li Hua

第二节 (20 分)

假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录毕业前夕你们制作以“感恩母校”为主题的毕业纪念视频的全过程。注意:词数不少于60。提示词:视频video

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