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全国2016年中考英语《阅读理解》word专题练习(含解析)

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阅读理解
1、(2016 黔南州)listen to,influence,record,play,think
Abing,a great Chinese folk musician,was born in 1893.He(81)playedmusic that could touch the hearts of people.When we(82)listen tohis music,we can sense both the beauty and the sadness in it.It makes us(83)thinkabout the pain and wounds that we have experienced in the past.For this reason,many people praise him as the musician who(84)has influencederhu music greatly.So it is really a pity that not many pieces of his music(85)were recorded.
【考点】人物故事类阅读;语言知识;综合填空.
【分析】全文大意:
阿炳,中国著名的民间音乐家,出生在1893年.他演奏的音乐能触动人的心灵.当我们听他的音乐时,我们既能感受到音乐的动听又能感受到音乐里蕴藏的悲伤.它使我们回想起过去的忧伤和痛苦经历.由于这个原因,许多人称赞他为对二胡音乐影响重大的音乐家.所以真的很遗憾他的许多音乐没能录制下来.
【解答】答案:
81.played 考查句意理解及动词时态用法 根据He…music that could touch the hearts of people可知该句为含有定语从句的复合句,该空处作主句的谓语,故填入动词的正确形式,结合该句的主语是he代指"Abing"及空格后的关键词music,结合所给的单词,可知play music意为"演奏音乐",故填入play的正确形式,根据本句谈论的是过去的事情故使用一般过去时,故填play的过去式,故答案为played.
82.listen to 考查句意理解及动词时态用法 根据When we…his music,we can sense both the beauty and the sadness in it.可知该句为含有时间状语从句的复合句,该空处作从句的谓语,故填入动词的正确形式,结合空格后的关键词his music,结合所给的单词,可知listen to music意为"听音乐",故填入listen的正确形式,根据本句谈论的是现在的客观事实故使用一般现在时,结合从句的主语是we故填入listen的动词原形即可,故答案为listen to.
83.think 考查句意理解及固定用法 根据It makes us…about the pain and wounds that we have experienced in the past可知该句为含有定语从句的复合句,该空处作主句的宾语补足语即make sb do sth"使某人做某事"故填入动词原形即可,结合空格后的关键词about结合所给的单词,可知think about"思考、回想"符合意思,故填think
84.has influenced 考查句意理解及动词时态用法 根据For this reason,many people praise him as the musician who…erhu music greatly.可知该句为含有定语从句的复合句,该空处作从句的谓语,故填入动词的正确形式,根据本句谈论的过去发生的事情与现在有联系,故判断为现在完成时,其结构为have/has 动词的过去分词,结合定语从句的先行词为the musician 为第三人称单数,结合所给的单词中influence"影响"符合意思,套用结构,故填has influenced
85.were recorded 考查句意理解及动词语态用法 根据 So it is really a pity that not many pieces of his music…可知该句为含有主语从句的复合句.该空处在从句中作谓语,故填入动词的正确形式,结合所给的单词record"录制",符合意思.根据主句是一般现在时,主语从句用适当的时态,根据从句谈论的是过去的事情故使用一般过去时,主语many pieces of his music是谓语动词record的承受者,二者形成被动关系所以用被动语态,故该空处为一般过去时的被动语态,其结构为:主语 was/were 及物动词的过去分词,主语many pieces 是复数名词,be动词用were,故填were recorded
2、(2016 宿迁)When we say someone is in a blue mood,it means he or she is unhappy or sad.Are you feeling a little blue?Here are some fast and easy ways to cheer you up.
Exercise
When you exercise,your brain gives out a chemical called Endorphin (内啡肽).This chemical makes you feel happy.That is why exercise is good for you.
Have a talk
If something or somebody is troubling you.don't quarrel with other people to relax yourself.It is a good idea to have a heart-to-heart with a friend or a family member.Tell them your feelings.A chat is a useful way to make you feel better.
Have some bobbies
For example,playing pop music,drawing something or listening to your favorite music will make you smile.Act like an artist.Draw,paint or make something.Being active and creative makes you feel more satisfied and less nervous.
Laugh more
Laughing is the best way to improve your moods.Children laugh about 400times a day.Adults only laugh about 20times a day.What happen?Experts say if we laugh more,we will be happier and healthier.
Think positively
Close your eyes and imagine a beautiful scene or a time.Never think about anything terrible that you can't change.What's more,leave your flat and go outside.Sun and fresh air are good for you.Be a kid for a day.Play games,watch comedy movies or read jokes online.
Title:(66)Ways to cheer you up
Exercise●It is good for you to exercise.
●The chemical your brain(67)givesout makes you feel happy.
Have a talk●Don't quarrel with others to(68)relax yourself.
●(69)Have a heart-to-heart talk can make you feel better.
Have some(70)hobbies●Doing your favorite things will make you smile.
●Being active and creative makes you feel more satisfied and less(71)nervous
Laugh more●It's happier and(72)healthier for us to laugh more every day.
●Children laugh(73)more times a day than adults.
Think positively●Close your eyes and(74)imagine a beautiful scene.
●Leave you flat and go(75)outside to do you favorite things like playing games,watching comedy films or reading jokes.
【考点】人生感悟类阅读;判断推理;阅读填空.
【分析】【文章大意】这篇文章主要介绍了让你高兴起来的五个快速简单的方法.他们分别是:第一,锻炼,锻炼能产生内啡肽,让你兴奋起来.第二,与人交谈.交谈是很有效的方法让你开心.第三,有一些爱好.这会让你更活跃和具有创新意识,使得你对自己更满意.第四,多笑笑.每天多笑笑,会让你更开心,更健康.第五,积极的思考.想象一些美好的、你最喜欢的事物.
【解答】66.答案为Ways.文章拟题.根据"Here are some fast and easy ways to cheer you up,我们可以知道,这篇文章主要讲的就是介绍让你高兴起来的几个方法,所以文章标题可以是Ways to Cheer you up.故填Ways.
67.答案为gives.细节理解题.根据"When you exercise,your brain gives out a chemical called Endorphin",我们知道你大脑会散发出一种叫做内啡肽的物质,所以填gives,you brain gives out做后置定语修饰The chemical.故答案为gives.
68.答案为relax.细节理解题.根据"If something or somebody is troubling you.don't quarrel with other people to relax yourself",我们知道不跟人吵架会让你觉得身心轻松.故答案为relax.
69.答案为Have.细节理解题.根据"It is a good idea to have a heart-to-heart with a friend or a family member.Tell them your feelings,我们知道来一场促膝长谈,会让自己开心,所以应该填Have,根据上面Don't quarrel判断此处应为祈使句,所以使用Have的动词原形.故答案为Have.
70.答案为hobbies.细节理解题.根据第三条建议"Have some hobbies"得出此处答案.故答案为hobbies.
71.答案为nerous.细节理解题.根据"Being active and creative makes you feel more satisfied and less nervous",我们可以得知活跃创新会让你更易满足,不会再那么紧张,故答案为nerous.
72.答案为healthier.细节理解题.根据"Experts say if we laugh more,we will be happier and healthier",我们可以得知每天都笑的话,会让我们更加开心和更加健康,所以此处缺少的单词应该是healthier,故答案为healthier.
73.答案为more.推理判断题.根据"Children laugh about 400times a day.Adults only laugh about 20times a day",我们可以得知,小孩每天笑的次数远远多于一个青年人,所以应该是笑的比青年人多,根据空格处后"than"的理解,空格处为一比较级,所以根据题意,more比较合适,故答案为more.
74.答案为imagine.细节理解题.根据"Close your eyes and imagine a beautiful scene or a time",我们可以得知此条建议你闭上眼睛,想象一个美好的场景.空格处缺少动词imagine,所以答案为imagine.
75.答案为outside.细节理解题.根据"What's more,leave your flat and go outside.Sun and fresh air are good for you.Be a kid for a day.Play games,watch comedy movies or read jokes online",我们可以得知,离开你的公寓,到外面去,就当一天的小孩,玩游戏、看喜剧等,所以此处应该太难outside符合文意.故答案为outside
3、(2016 新疆)Every body talks about the weather.It's the most popular topic of conversation(谈话).For example,people may say to each other"Isn't it a nice day?""Do you think it is going to rain??"or"I think it is going to snow."(61)E  
Many people think they can tell what the weather is going to be like.(62)C.One man may say,"Do you see how cloudy it is in the east?It's going to rain tomorrow."But anther man may say,"Yes,it's cloudy in the east,so we are going to have a fine day tomorrow."
(63)AWhen a farmer needs water,he looks for something to tell him it is going to rain,he won't believe other things.When people have a picnic,but it begins to rain,they will be so sure about something that shows the weather is going to be fine very quickly(64)D
Almost everyone listens to what the weatherman says.But he does not tell us what we want.and sometimes he makes a mistake.(65)B

A.People often hope for the weather they want.
B.However,he still probably comes closer to being right than most people.
C.But they don't always agree with each other.
D.They won't believe that will finish their lunch in the rain.
E.All these are the common ways to start a conversation.
【考点】日常生活类阅读;判断推理;综合填空.
【分析】每个人都谈论天气,这是一个最流行的话题.例如,人们可能对彼此说:"今天天气很好!""你认为会下雨吗?""我认为会下雪"这些是开始谈话的常见的方式.
许多人认为他们可以知道天气将会怎样.但是他们总是不赞同彼此的看法.一个男人可能说:"你看见东边的云了吗?明天会下雨"但是另一个人可能说:"是的,东边是多云,所以明天会是晴天"
人们经常期望他们想要的天气,当一个农民需要水,他寻找一些事情去告诉他会下雨,他不会相信其他的事情.当人们野餐,但是开始下雨,他们会很肯定相信天气很快会好起来.他们相信他们不会在雨中吃完午饭.
几乎每个人听天气预报,但是天气预报员并没有告诉我们想要的,有时候会犯错.然而,他仍然有可能比大部分人更接近正确.
A.人们经常期望他们想要的天气
B.然而,他仍然有可能比大部分人更接近正确.
C.但是他们总是不赞同彼此.
D.他们相信他们不会在雨中吃完午饭.
E.这些是开始谈话的常见的方式.
【解答】61.答案:E.推理题.根据It's the most popular topic of conversation(谈话).For example,people may say to each other"Isn't it a nice day?""Do you think it is going to rain??"or"I think it is going to snow."可知是在列举谈话的方式,故选E.
62.答案:C.推理题.根据后文One man may say,"Do you see how cloudy it is in the east?It's going to rain tomorrow."But anther man may say,"Yes,it's cloudy in the east,so we are going to have a fine day tomorrow."两个人的看法不同,也就是不赞同彼此,故选C.
63.答案:A.推理题.根据When a farmer needs water,he looks for something to tell him it is going to rain,可知农民需要水就期望雨天,故人们期望他们想要的天气,故选A.
64.答案:D.推理题.根据When people have a picnic,but it begins to rain,they will be so sure about something that shows the weather is going to be fine very quickly上文是说他们野餐时下雨,他们相信天气会好起来,会继续这一话题即不相信他们会在雨中吃完午饭.故选D
5.答案:B.推理题.根据But he does not tell us what we want.and sometimes he makes a mistake.可知天气预报员也会犯错,后句表相关联的转折,但要比大多数人更接近正确,故选B
5、(2016 上海)
Letter A
Young people are always told that they should make the most of their time,that they will never be as free again So,my question is-why fill up all this free time with housework?Parents expect their children to get good grades,be good at sports,and be popular with other kids.However,there is not enough time in the day to do these things and then do housework as well.It's not fair to expect teenagers to give up their precious time to do boring housework.Parents and children both have jobs.Parents'jobs are in the workplace.Their children's jobs are at school.
The only difference is that parents get paid and children don't.Parents say that they make their kids do housework to teach them responsibility.But this is just a trick.Parents trick their kids into doing housework because they are lazy.
Yours,
OverloadedLetter B
Both parents and children have jobs.The parent's job is to go to work to earn money.The child's job is to go to school.But we all get huggry.Someone has to cook the meals and clean up afterward.We all wear clothes that get dirty.Someone has to wash them,iron them,and put them away.Chlidren work from 9 until 4.Parents work from 8 until 6.Sure,after 4 o'clock,children have homework.But after 6,parents have homework too.They have to do the shopping,go to the bank,pay the bills,and help their kids with their own homework!
I think it's only fair that teenagers help out a bit at home.They might not like it,but it's good for them.It teaches them how to look after themselves.This is really useful when (93) .
Sincerely,
Overworked
88.What is the writer's question in LetterA?
Why fill up all this free time with housework?
89.How are parent's jobs different from children's jobs according to Letter A?
Parents get paid (and/but children don't).
90.Why does Letter B say it's good for teenagers to help out a bit at home?
(Because the writer thinks)it teaches children how to look after themselves.
91.Who most probably wrote Letter B,a parent or a child?
A parent.
92.The two letters agree that parents and children both have jobs,don't they?
Yes,they do.
93.What can be filled in the blank at the end of letter B?
they leave home to go to college or to live on their own.
【考点】阅读表达;教育文化类阅读.
【分析】这是两封关于孩子在家做不做家务活的信.一封是自认为负荷过重的孩子写的,一封是任务过度劳累的家长写的.孩子认为自己不该做家务的原因是--孩子的任务是去学校上学,而且大人干活有薪资,孩子在学校上学"这样的工作"没有薪资;大人认为孩子该做家务的原因是--大人和孩子都有各自的工作,大人去上班,孩子去学校.但每个人都有必须完成的事情.做家务就像吃喝拉撒一样必须完成,做家务能够帮助孩子学会自立.
【解答】88.Why fill up all this free time with housework?细节理解题.根据信A的内容,搜索写信人的疑问,可以找到一个问句So,my question is-why fill up all this free time with housework?,因此答案为Why fill up all this free time with housework?.
89.Parents get paid (and/but children don't).细节理解题.根据信A中的句子可以推知答案,The only difference is that parents get paid and children don't.因此答案为Parents get paid (and/but children don't).
90.(Because the writer thinks)it teaches children how to look after themselves.细节理解题.根据后面的内容It teaches them how to look after themselves.可以推知原因,也即是本题答案.
91.A parent.推理判断题.根据信B的内容可知信B的写作者的观点和信A的观点是对立的,可以推测信B是一个家长写的,因此答案为A parent.
92.Yes,they do.问句是个反意疑问句,don't they?回答需要根据事实来回答.信A中孩子认为Parents and children both have jobs.Parents'jobs are in the workplace.Their children's jobs are at school.,因此孩子认为大人和小孩都有工作,信B中第一句Both parents and children have jobs.The parent's job is to go to work to earn money.The child's job is to go to school.可知家长认为大人和孩子都有工作,因此,回答是:Yes,they do.
93.they leave home to go to college or to live on their own.前面提到It teaches them how to look after themselves.(这教会他们照顾自己),根据when可知,需要填写一个表示时间的句子,什么时候孩子会需要照顾自己?可以是大学,也可以是中学住宿时期,还可以是作为交换生时期,都可以填写.答案不唯一.
6、(2016 上海)The Young Person's Rail-card is very popular in Britain now.It gives young people the chance to buy (81)cheaptrain tickets across the country.Just imagine,it could take you to festivals,to see friends,or to london for a weekend break,at a lower price.
Who can apply?
Anyone between 16 and 25 years of age.You will need to provide something to (82)provethat you are under 26.For this,only your ID card,driving licence,passport or medical card will be acceptable.
Or,if you are an adult student (83)over25years old but receiving formal education,you can also apply.You will need to get your teacher to sign the application form (申请表).‘Formal education'refers to studies of more than 15 hours per week for at least 20 weeks a year in college.
Then take your completed application form with a recent (84)photoof yourself,£28 and other materials needed to any main railway station or student travel office to apply for the card.
How to use your rail-card?
You can use it any time-weekends,holidays or during the week.Please ask at your local station or contact a railway travel agent for more (85)information.
If a rail-card does not have the user's name signed,it will be considered invalid (无效的).No one else may use either your rail-card or any tickets bought with it.You will be required to pay the (86)fullprice of the ticket if your are unable to show your own rail-card with the ticket for a check during a journey.
Tickets at reduced prices are not available for first-class travels or for travels (87)abroad,such as to France or Gemany.Passengers will be asked to buy regular priced tickets if they want to use these services.
【考点】语法填空;说明文.
【分析】本文讲了关于现在在英国很受欢迎的青年人铁路卡,它能够给年轻人机会在世界买到便宜的火车票.它可以以较低的价格带你去节日,看朋友,或周末去伦敦休息.本文讲述了申请对象的要求以及铁路口的使用方法.
【解答】81.cheap 考查形容词用法.根据后面的句子中的信息at a lower price结合首字母c可知青年人铁路卡能够让青年们买到便宜的票.因此答案为cheap.
82.prove 考查动词用法.根据后面一句的关键词your ID card,driving licence,passport or medical card结合首字母p,可知是提供一些东西证明你在26岁以下,此处动词不定式表示目的,表示"来证明/以证明",答案为prove.
83.over 考查介词用法.根据前文以及本句的关键词or,结合首字母o,可知讲到的是除了26岁以下的另一种情况,也就是超过25岁,因此为over,表示超过,大于.
84.photo 考查名词用法.根据本句的关键词 completed application,£28,other materials,可以知道是带上申请青年铁路卡的材料去申请,再根据首字母提示p,此处可推知为photo,a recent photo 表示近照.
85.information 考查名词用法.根据ask for…以及首字母i,再根据句意,可知此处是"询问更多的信息",因此此处填information.
86.full 考查形容词用法.根据If a rail-card does not have the user's name signed,it will be considered invalid (无效的).可知讲到青年铁路卡无法使用的情况--没有在卡上签名,则此卡无效.可以推知需要支付所有的票价,根据首字母f,可知为full.
87.abroad 考查副词用法.根据后面的提示,such as France or Gemany可知是国外,因此为abroad.
7、(2016 南京)How long does it take to bulid a new house?It usually takes about six months or more.(66)BButeach year,thousands of people work together to bulid new homes in just four months?Who does this(67)wwonderful work?Habitat for Humanity.
Habitat for Humanity is a group that builds homes for families in (68)nneed.It has branches(分部)in different states around the country.
This group works all over the world,too.Volunteers help build the homes.They are unpaid workers who do all the work for (69)ffree.Volunteers can be builders and painters.They can be teachers or bankers,Some are students.Habitat for Humanity has built more than 300,000 houses.More than 1.5 million people(70)llive in these houses.
Buliding a home is hard work.Volunteers learn (71)hhow to put up walls.They use many (72)mmachines/materialsand tools.These selfless(无私的 )volunteers work with the family that will live in the house,Everyone works together to make the family's (73)ddream(s)come true.
Suruchi Srikanth has worked with Habitat for Humanity for four years.She (74)bbeganvolunteering in high school.She has built many homes with others Volunteers.She takes her responsibilities(责任)seriously.Volunteers know (75)iifthey don't help,homes may not get built.They are good citizens who care other people.
【考点】语法填空.
【分析】建一个新家通常至少都需要6个月的时间,但Habitat for Humanity这个组织却只需要短短的4个月.而实际上他们都是志愿者无偿帮忙,在世界各地帮助那些正在盖新家的人完成梦想…
【解答】(66)答案but.由前后文建房所用时间的对比可知此处表转折,故填but.
(67)答案wonderful.由句子结构此处应填形容词修饰work,结合文意应表赞叹,故填wonderful.
(68)答案need.Habitat for Humanity为那些有需要的家庭帮忙建房,固定搭配in need,故填need.
(69)答案free.由前文知这个组织的工人都是志愿者,无偿工作,for free,免费,故填free.
(70)答案live.Habitat for Humanity已经建了超过300,000所房子,并且已经有超过150000的人住进了他们建的房中,故填live.
(71)答案how.志愿者并非都是专业的建筑工人,他们会学习如何筑墙,how表方式,故填how.
(72)答案machines/materials.他们建房会用到机器,原材料和工具,结合前文use和首字母提示,故可填machine/materials.
(73)答案dream(s).大家齐心协力去帮助这些家庭实现梦想,make one's dream(s) come true,实现某人的梦想,故填dream(s).
(74)答案began.她中学就开始加入志愿者行列,发生在过去,故填began.
(75)答案if.志愿者们清楚,如果没有他们的帮助,这些家园可能不会建立起来,if表假设,故填if.
8、(2016 福州)In New York City public school,176 different languages are spoken (86)aamong more than one million students.For 160000 children,English is not their first language.New York's Department of Education makes learning (87)bbetter for these students by providing dual-language (双语)programs.Students are taught in two languages,English and (88)aanother one,such as French,German or Japanese,Math,social studies,science and all other regular courses are taught in both languages.And they learn about the (89)culture/'k lt (r)/of the other country.
Milady Baez,a headmaster,says these dual-language programs will help children succeed in the future."The jobs of the future (90)require/n'kwat (r)/that our students know more than one language.They're going to travel (91)abroad(在国外)and communicate with people from all over the world.This will open doors for them."
Shuya Zhang (92)teaches (教)a dual-language class.She says,"America started economic relationships with China.Lots of factories were (93)built.companies moved to China.They need people with both language skills."
Anna,a Russian girl came to America (94)when she was two years old.She says the Russian.English program keeps her connected to her heritage and her parents happy.
Nowadays,more and more (95)foreigners(外国人)come to China.Perhaps in the future your school will also provide them with the dual=language program.
【考点】语法填空;政治经济类阅读.
【分析】本文主要讲了双语教学.在美国纽约的公立学校,一百万个学生中一共讲176种语言.对16万个学生来说,英语是他们的第一语言.纽约教育部门让这些学生能够接受双语教学--英语及另外一种语言,例如法语,德语,或者日语等,像数学,科学,社会学及其他常规课程都是双语教学.并且学生能学习到另一个国家的文化.双语教学带来了好处--对学生将来的工作有利,能够和全世界的人交流.随着越来越多的外国人进入中国,中国也可能将会采用双语教学.
【解答】86.among 考查范围介词.本句句意为在一百万学生中一共讲176种语言,需表达"在…之间",表示的范围对象是三者或三者以上,故需用among.
87.better 考查比较级.这里指改善了学习.根据首字母提示,可知是make sth better,因此为better.
88.another 考查指示形容词.前面讲到dual-language programs(双语教学项目),句子想要表达的是选取英语及另外一种语言进行学习,可以是法语、德语、日语等,因此指除了英语以外的"另外的"的语言,答案为another.
89.culture 考查语音辨析.根据语音可知,有两个音节,拼读为culture,联系句意,确定答案,此处指学习别的国家的文化.
90.require 考查语音辨析.根据语音可知,有两个音节,拼读为require,联系句意,确定答案,此处指将来的工作要求学生懂得一种语言以上.
91.abroad 考查副词辨析.在国外,可以用副词abroad,前面travel为动词,用副词修饰.
92.teaches 考查动词的时态和人称变化.根据后面的动词says可知,本段是对现在的情况的一般描述,用一般现在时,并且,人称为第三人称单数,因而动词teach改为teaches.注意,ch结尾,第三人称单数的动词需加es.
93.built 考查动词的语态.此处指在中国很多工厂被建立.需用被动语态,因此需用build的过去分词built.
94.when 考查从属连词,此处缺少时间状语,需用when来引导时间状语,意为当她两岁的时候.
95.foreigners 考查可数名词的复数形式.此处外国人是可数名词,故需在foreigner后加s
9、(2016 重庆)A big company wanted to find someone to work for them.Lots of young college students came to(80)ask for the job,but only a small part of them were left.And this time,the company didn't plan to choose the right persons as usual.
Here came the day when they took the final interview.A big box (81)full of papers was placed on the way to the interview room,and a few papers were lying around the box.
The first student came.He hurried along the way to take the interview."Who put this (82)box in the middle of the road?"the student said to himself,but he did not try to move the box away.Instead,he passed around the box and continued his way.
The second student came along and did the same thing.Then another came,and another.All of them complained (抱怨) about the box but(83)none of them tried to move it.What's worse,someone even stepped (踩) on the papers and left without having a look at the things on the ground.
Half an hour later,a thin young man with glasses came.He was also (84)among those who were left to take the interview.He saw the box and the papers around it.Without thinking twice,he (85)stopped and began to pick up the papers and put them into the box.Then he managed to move the box to the side.To his great (86)surprise,he found an invitation under the box.On it were the following words,"Congratulations,young man!You are the(87)right/very person we are looking for!Would you like to join us?"
Sometimes,you see,helping others is helping yourself.
【考点】语法填空;记叙文.
【分析】一家大公司在招聘员工时,没有像往常一样去招聘合适的人员,他们把一个装满了纸的盒子放在了通往面试房间的路上,并且在盒子的周围放了几张纸,前面所有的面试者都抱怨挡路的盒子,却没有人把盒子拿走,直到半个小时后一个戴眼镜的很瘦的年轻人出现,他把地上的纸装入到盒子里并把盒子移到边上,令他感到吃惊的是,盒子低下有一张邀请函,原来他就是公司要录取的合适人选.
这个故事告诉我们:有的时候,帮助别人就是帮助自己.
【解答】80.ask 考查动词 根据主语Lots of young college students (很多年轻的大学毕生),可以推测设空处的短语表达的意思是"寻求",应该是ask for,ask for the job,则意为"求职",故答案为:for.
81.full 考查形容词 根据设空处后面的 of papers 可以推断此处表达的是"一个装满了纸的盒子",表达"装满了…"用 full of做后置定语,故答案为:full.
82.box 考查名词 根据前面提到的 A big box full of papers was placed on the way to the interview room,可知此处第一个面试者问的是"是谁把这个盒子放在了路中间?",故答案为:box.
83.none 考查代词 根据上文的"All of them complained (抱怨) about the box 所有人都抱怨那个盒子"和设空处前面的but可以推断此处表达的意思是"他们当中没有一个人试图把盒子移走",表示"一个也没有"用none,故答案是none.
84.among 考查介词 根据设空处后面的"those who were left to take the interview 那些留下来参加面试的人",可知此处表达是"他也是那些留下来参加面试的人当中的一员",表示"处在…之中"用介词among,故答案是among.
85.stopped 考查动词 根据前面的"Without thinking twice没有多加考虑",可以推断此处表达的是"他停下来开始捡起地上的纸",表示过去的动作用动词过去式,故答案为:stopped.
86.surprise 考查名词 根据前面的To his great和后面的:他发现盒子底下有一张邀请函,上面写着"祝贺你,年轻人,你就是我们正在寻找的人",可以推断此处表达的是"令他感到非常吃惊的是",用短语to his great surprise.故答案是:surprise.
87.right/very 考查形容词 根据前面的Congratulations,young man!可以推断此处表达的是"你就是我们正在寻找的合适的人选",应用形容词修饰person.故答案为:right/very
10、(2016 河北)I organized a picnic last Sunday,I got up(76)eearly and called some of my closest friends.First,we decided on a good (77)pplace to go,and then we talked about what food to bring.Everyone cooked the dishes that could be carried(78)easily(easy).Everything was put into a backpack and we (79)took(take) it across fields.When we finally got there,we sat down eating,and enjoyed a nice day together.And I was quite sure that food tasted much (80)better(good) on a picnic than anywhere else!
【考点】语法填空.
【分析】本文讲了作者和朋友们的一次野餐的经历.作者上个星期组织了一次野餐.首先,我们决定好去哪里野餐,然后讨论我们要带什么食物.每个人都准备了容易带的东西.我们尽情享受了这次野餐,我觉得这些食物比其他任何地方的都好吃.
【解答】76.early 考查副词辨析.句意为"我起来起得…",根据首字母提示,可知是"早"(early,以e开头;late,晚,以l开头,故排除late),副词修饰动词短语get up,因此为early.
77.place 考查名词辨析.首先是决定去哪个好的地方野餐.结合首字母p及短语go to a place,可知答案为place.
78.easily 考查副词辨析.根据前面的动词carry以及句意表达"容易携带的东西",副词修饰动词,因此easy需要变成easily.
79.took 考查时态辨析.整个文段都是对过去一个时间所发生的事情的一般描述,因此整个语段为一般过去时,因此take需要用过去式,为took.
80.better 考查形容词的辨析.此处关键词有than,表示比较,than anywhere else,意为比其他任何一个地方,是两者之间的比较,需用比较级,结合动词taste为系动词,后加形容词修饰,good的比较级为better,因此答案为better
11、(2016 天津)If you pay a visit to Liu Hasheng's restaurant in Harbin,you will find 18robots there.They are ready to serve you and make sure that your dining e(81)xperienceis perfect.After the visit,you can tell others that the robots serving customers isn't a dream any more.
It's wonderful to see h(82)ow the 18robots work in the restaurant.The wonder s(83)tarts when you walk in.You'll see a robot come up and say,"Earth person,hello!Welcome to the Robot Restaurant."When you have ordered your m(84)eal,the robots in the kitchen begin to do the cooking.After the food is p(85)repared,a robot waiter will glide (滑行) out of the kitchen to serve you with the meal you've ordered.And as customers enjoy their d(86)elicious food,a robot sings lovely songs for them.
You may ask,"Where did all these robots come from?"Liu said they were designed (设计) and m(87)adeby the Harbin Haohai Robot Company.Liu said he invested (投资) 5million yuan in the restaurant,with each robot costing 200,000yuan to 300,000yuan.And the w(88)hole/wonderfulrobot team is managed by the workers in the computer room.
After a busy day,all the robots will go for a"meal",which is e(89)lectricity.After 5hours,the robots can continue their work for a day.The restaurant now provides a menu with more than 30dishes (菜肴),and the average (平均) cost for a dinner is a(90)bout 40to 50yuan.Do you want to go and have a try in this restaurant?
【考点】语法填空.
【分析】文章大意:
这篇文章主要向我们介绍了在哈尔滨的一家餐馆全部是由18个机器人在为客人进行服务工作.他们随时准备为您提供服务,确保您的用餐体验完美.文章着重介绍了机器人是如何工作的,当你走进餐馆,你会看到一个机器人上来说:"地球人,你好!欢迎来到机器人餐厅."当你点完餐后,厨房里的机器人开始做饭.当饭准备好时,一个机器人服务员将滑行出厨房为您送来你点的餐.当顾客享受美食时,机器人会为他们唱动人的歌曲.
文章还介绍了这些机器人的来源.饭店老板说这些机器人是由哈尔滨昊海机器人公司设计并制造的.老板说他投资在餐厅500万元,每个机器人的成本20万元到30万元.整个机器人团队是由在计算机机房的人员进行管理的.
这些机器人是充电的,充电5小时,机器人就可以继续他们一天的工作.餐厅现在能提供一份超过30种菜肴的菜单,平均每餐的花费大约40 到50元.你想去这家餐馆试试吗?
【解答】81.experience 考查名词用法.根据空前面的名词dining可知其后应该跟名词,dining作定语修饰该名词;根据后句After the visit,you can tell others that the robots serving customers isn't a dream any more.(访问结束后,你可以告诉别人,为客户服务的机器人不再是一个梦想)结合首字母e,可推知前句是指他们会确保用餐体验是完美的,侧重于内心的感受,结合后面的系动词is,故此处应用不可数名词experience指"体验".故填:experience.
82.how 考查疑问副词用法. 根据to see可知后面的部分作see的宾语;结合本段后面的一系列的描述向我们展示了机器人工作的全过程,结合首字母h,可知此处应用疑问副词how指方式"如何",指会看到机器人是如何工作的. 故填:how
83.starts 考查动词用法.根据后面的时间状语…when you walk in及You'll see a robot come up and say,"Earth person,hello!Welcome to the Robot Restaurant"可知这应该是一开始当客人进入饭店后机器人首先要做的事情即问好,空处位于主语后所以应用谓语动词,结合首字母s,可知此处是指当你走进饭店,奇迹开始了,故用动词start;由于此句为一般现在时,主语为单数,所以start应用三单形式starts.故填starts
84.meal 考查名词用法.根据关键词your可知其后应该跟名词;联系后句the robots in the kitchen begin to do the cooking (厨房里的机器人开始做饭),很显然,一般是在客人点完餐后开始做菜,结合首字母m,及关键词order,可知这里应是指点餐,故用名词meal,此处是特指点完你的餐,所以用单数即可.故填:meal
85.prepared 考查动词用法.根据后句a robot waiter will glide (滑行) out of the kitchen to serve you with the meal you've ordered(一个机器人服务员将滑行出厨房为您送来你点的餐)可知前句肯定是指在饭准备好了之后才会来送餐;此句的主语为food,结合is,可知是其后面空处谓语动词的承受者,所以此处应用一般现在时的被动语态,构成为am/is/are 过去分词;结合首字母p,可以确定此处应该填动词prepare(准备)的过去分词prepared.故填:prepared
86.delicious 考查形容词用法.根据关键词 enjoy their…food 可知their后应该跟形容词修饰food;再联系enjoy的含义"享受",结合首字母d,可知只有美味的食物才称得上享受,所以此处应用形容词delicious.故填:delicious
87.made 考查动词用法.根据句子的关键部分they were designed (设计) and…by 可知空处应填入的是和designed 具有相同形式和并列意义的动词,并可以判断出此句为一般过去时的被动语态;was/were 过去分词,所以空处应该填入动词的过去分词;结合首字母m及后面the Harbin Haohai Robot Company是一家机器人公司,所以推测这些机器人是被这家公司设计进而制造的,故用动词make(制造)的过去分词made.故填:made
88.whole/wonderful 考查形容词用法.根据定冠词the及名词短语robot team 可知空处应该填入一个形容词作定语;结合后半部分…is managed by the workers in the computer room.(是由在计算机机房的人员进行管理的)结合首字母w可以有两种理解:一是指整个的机器人团队,强调一个整体,可以用whole;二是联系前文对机器人出色工作的肯定,所以也可以指这个出色的机器人团队,也可以用wonderful.故填:whole/wonderful
89.electricity 考查名词用法.根据前句After a busy day,all the robots will go for a"meal",which is…可知此处的which引导定语从句,代指前面的先行词meal,所以is后应该跟名词,解释说明meal是什么;联系常识机器人在工作了一天后,形象的比喻为"吃饭",联想到机器人工作一般都是用电驱动的,结合首字母e,可知此处应用不可数名词electricity"电".故填:electricity
90.about 考查介词用法.根据关键部分…cost for a dinner is…40to 50yuan可知此处应是指用餐的费用,40到50元是一个大体的花费,结合首字母a,所以is后应该用介词about表"大约".故填:about
12、(2016 泉州)
like why bird usually discover
Do you have a dog,a cat or a bird at home?Do you watch them carefully?
Sientists have found that cats,dogs,(92)birds and even goldfish are left-handed or right-handed.These scientists work in Queen's Belfast University.They said that pets are left-handed or right-handed(93)likepeople.As we all know,it is important for animals to be good at getting food.Some like to get food with their right hands,but some like to get food with the left hands.
That's (94)whythe animals are left-handed or right-handed.
The scientists have (95)discovered that male cats and dogs are almost left-handed,and female cats and dogs are right-handed,because their work in everyday life is different.
People(96)usually think that left-handed people are better at languages; some even think that left-handed people are smarter.When it goes to animals,it makes animals act more quickly.
【考点】综合填空;记叙文.
【分析】该短文主要讲述了一些动物是左撇子或右撇子的原因;你家里有狗、猫或者鸟吗?你仔细观察它们了吗?科学家们发现猫、狗、鸟甚至金鱼是左撇子或右撇子.动物善于获取食物,一些喜欢用左手,一些喜欢用右手,这就是它们为什么是左撇子或右撇子的原因.科学家发现雄性的猫和狗都是左撇子,雌性的猫和狗都是右撇子,人们通常认为左撇子的人在语言方面更好,有些人甚至认为左撇子的人更聪明.
【解答】92答案:birds;该题考查名词辨析;根据句中信息Sientists have found that cats,dogs,…and even goldfish are left-handed or right-handed.推测该空应填动物的名称,结合选项,应填bird,因为cats,dogs都是复数,故该单词也要用复数;故选birds;
93答案:like;该题考查介词辨析;根据句中信息They said that pets are left-handed or right-handed…people.推测该空缺少一个介词,结合句中信息推测该句句意:宠物像人类一样,是左撇子或右撇子;故填like;
94答案:why;该题考查疑问词辨析;根据上句Some like to get food with their right hands,but some like to get food with the left hands.推测该句句意:那就是为什么动物是左撇子或右撇子的原因;That's why这就是为什么…故填why;
95答案:discovered;该题考查动词辨析;根据句中信息可知"male cats and dogs are almost left-handed,and female cats and dogs are right-handed"是科学家们发现的信息,故该空应填动词discover,该句为现在完成时态;故填discovered;
96答案:usually;该题考查副词辨析;根据句中信息People…think that left-handed people are better at languages;可知该空应填副词形式,修饰think;根据常识,人们通常认为左撇子的人在语言方面更好,有些人甚至认为左撇子的人更聪明.结合选项,该空应填副词usually,通常;故填usually
13、(2016 山西)
I make teach after large control
try leaf small quiet before without
As a child,I got angry quite easily and was not good at communicating with others.
I still remember it was an early autumn.Some (71)leaves started to turn yellow and weather became cool.One day,as I was getting ready for school,my mother carelessly handed me my father's vest(背心)instead of(72)mine.At that time,I was getting to have a (73)largersize than my father,so when I put on the vest,I felt as if I wasn't able to breathe!I realized that it was a small mistake which (74)was madeby my mother,but somehow the breathless feeling was so strong that it made me very angry.My mother said sorry with a smile,but I shouted at her (75)without thinking much,I got it off my body so wildly that I made a hole in it.I put on my own vest and rushed out of the house (76)beforemy mother could stop me.
Later,my mother shared her bad feelings with my father,"See what your son has done."Instead of scold(责备)or beat me,my father (77)quietlyasked my mother to mend the vest.
Later when my mother told me about my father's response,I felt ashamed(惭愧的)of my bad behavior.My father's gentle kindness (78)taughtme a lesson which I would never forget.
On that day,I decided not to let anger(79)controlme any longer.Of course,there are times when I am angry.However,whenever that happens,I (80)will tryto remember my father's vest.It always reminds me to think about others'feelings when I get angry.
【考点】综合填空;人生感悟类阅读.
【分析】短文讲述了我孩提时的一段印象深刻的经历;我小的时候很容易生气并且不善于与别人交流.
那是一个初秋,天气开始变凉.一天,我正准备去上学,妈妈粗心地把爸爸的背心递给了我,因为我的背心的尺码比爸爸的大点,所以当我穿上背心时,我感觉喘不过气来,因此我很生气.妈妈微笑着向我道歉,但是我不假思索地向她大吼,还把背心弄了一个洞.后来,妈妈和爸爸说起这事,爸爸的温和仁慈教会了我一个永远都不会忘记的教训.
从那以后,我决心控制我的情绪,一旦我发脾气的时候,我就用"爸爸的背心"那次感受来提醒自己.它总是提醒我,当我生气时,要考虑到别人的感受.
【解答】71.答案:leaves;该题考查名词辨析;根据上句it was an early autumn和该句信息started to turn yellow,推测该句中指的是树叶,leaf;根据句中的some可知用复数形式leaves;故填leaves;
72.答案:mine;该题考查代词辨析;根据后面的句意I realized that it was a small mistake which …by my mother推测该句句意:我的母亲不小心把我父亲的背心给了我,而不是我的.根据句中的instead of可知该空应填名词性物主代词mine;故填mine;
73.答案:larger;该题考查形容词比较级;根据后面的句意so when I put on the vest,I felt as if I wasn't able to breathe!推测上句句意:在那时,我(的衣服的尺码)正好比爸爸的衣服大一点;根据句中的than my father,可知该句用形容词large的比较级;故填larger;
74.答案:was made;该题考查动词辨析;根据I realized that it was a small mistake which …by my mother推测该句句意:我认为这是由我的母亲造成的一个小错误;该句是由which引导的定语从句,根据句中的by my mother可知该句为被动语态,be 过去分词;因为该句为一般过去式,故填was made;
75.答案:without;该题考查介词辨析;根据上句My mother said sorry with a smile和转折连词but推测该句句意:但是我不假思索地向她大吼;故填without;
76.答案:before;该题考查连词辨析;根据句中信息 put on my own vest and rushed out of the house …my mother could stop me.推测该句句意:我穿上自己的背心,在母亲阻止我之前冲出屋子;故填before;
77.答案:quietly;该题考查副词辨析;根据句意Instead of scold(责备)or beat me,推测该句句意:我父亲平静地让我妈妈修补这件背心;因为空中的词修饰动词ask;故用副词形式;故填quietly;
78.答案:taught;该题考查动词辨析;根据上句Later when my mother told me about my father's response,I felt ashamed(惭愧的)of my bad behavior推测该句句意:爸爸的温和仁慈教会了我一个永远都不会忘记的教训;应用动词teach,该句为一般过去时;故填taught;
79.答案:control;该题考查动词辨析;根据后面的句子Of course,there are times when I am angry.推测该句句意:我决定不再让愤怒(的情绪)控制我了;let的后面用动词原形:故填:control;
80.答案:will try;该题考查动词辨析;根据句中信息whenever that happens,I …to remember my father's vest,推测该句句意:每当发生这种情况,我会尽量记得父亲的背心;该句为以whenever引导的让步状语从句,从句用的是一般现在时,主句要用一般将来时态;try to do sth是固定短语意为尽力去做某事;故填will try.

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